The Fundamentals of Natural Gas Futures Trading

The Fundamentals of Natural Gas Futures Trading

Natural gas futures are standardized contracts that give the buyer the right to take delivery of a certain quantity of natural gas on a specified future date. They are traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) in lot sizes of 10,000 million British thermal units.

The price of natural gas is driven by many factors, including weather, demographics and economic growth. It is a great source of energy that is sustainable, affordable and clean.

What is a Natural Gas Futures Contract?

Natural gas is an important energy commodity used to generate electricity and produce heat. This commodity is sent through pipelines or liquified and transported by boat. Although it is a physical commodity, traders can trade it through futures contracts without having to own any of the actual physical commodity. Natural gas futures contracts are standardized legal agreements to buy or sell something at a specified price in the future. Trading these contracts can lead to profits without ever touching the underlying commodity.

The most commonly traded natural gas futures contract is the NYMEX Henry Hub Natural Gas Futures Contract. This is the world’s most popular commodity benchmark and it offers a lot of insight into how the market is behaving. This information can help traders and investors manage their risk in the marketplace.

Natural Gas futures prices are based on the spot price at the Henry Hub in Louisiana, USA. The smallest measurement unit for this commodity is the cubic foot, but larger quantities are traded in therms (MMBTU). Each Natural Gas Futures Contract holds 10,000 MMBTU and there is a minimum tick value of $10.

Like other commodities, each Natural Gas Futures Contract has its own ticker symbol and contract value. The ticker symbol is usually comprised of a month and year, so it looks like this: NGK15. This denotes that the contract is for Natural Gas in the month of May, 2021 and that it has a contract value of 2.76 million BTUs.

Many traders use natural gas futures contracts to hedge their exposure to this commodity’s volatility. This is an important practice as it can reduce exposure to volatile markets and increase the overall profitability of a portfolio.

Another way to trade natural gas is through fixed forwards. These are agreements between two parties to buy or sell physical natural gas at a fixed price at a future date. This type of transaction can be used by large natural gas consumers to lock in the price they will pay for the commodity in the long run.

Like other fixed forwards, these can be bought and sold on the exchange or over the counter. They generally contain terms and conditions that require the buyer and seller to post margin with their clearing/brokerage firm for credit risk management purposes.

How Are Natural Gas Futures Traded?

Natural gas is a crucial energy source for powering homes, businesses, and fueling cars. It also contributes a third of world energy consumption, making it an important commodity to trade. Many traders use natural gas futures to hedge their existing portfolios, or they may want to speculate on price fluctuations.

Like other commodities, the price of natural gas is determined by supply and demand. It is usually more expensive in winter when people need it to heat their homes, and less costly during summer when air conditioning demands are lower. Other factors that influence the price of natural gas include weather conditions, economic activity, and production levels.

Traders can buy or sell futures contracts on the CME to profit from these movements. However, trading is subject to a margin requirement set by the exchange. Margin is the amount of money a trader needs to deposit with their broker in order to open and maintain positions. The margin requirement is calculated based on the underlying futures contract’s tick size, and can be found by visiting the CME’s Margin Requirements webpage.

The minimum tick size for a natural gas futures contract is $10. One tick is the smallest unit of upward or downward movement in a futures contract’s price, and is measured at $0.001 per million British thermal units (BTU). Since each contract represents 10,000 MMBTU, this means that a single tick move in price will earn or lose you $10.

The CME offers futures for all months of the year, but the most active months are those closest to delivery dates. This is because the spot market tends to be more volatile than the forward markets, and the volatility can affect the prices of the underlying commodity. For this reason, it is important to have a comprehensive understanding of how futures are traded.

How Can I Trade Natural Gas Futures?

Natural gas is a crucial commodity that is used to generate electricity, heat homes and fuel vehicles. It is a safe, convenient and economical energy source that can be piped directly into homes or liquified and transported by ship. The commodity’s utility and popularity makes it one of the most traded commodities on the futures market. Traders can speculate on price movements of the commodity via CFDs (contracts for difference) with an online broker. CFDs enable traders to trade price fluctuations without the complexities of asset delivery that are associated with direct futures trading.

Natural gas futures are traded on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME). A futures contract is a standardized legal agreement to buy or sell something at a set price at a specific date in the future. The CME offers both futures and options contracts for trading. Large speculators and extraction companies use these contracts to speculate on prices or hedge their exposure in the commodity.

As with all markets, the price of natural gas is influenced by a variety of factors. These include seasonality, economic indicators and production levels of the major American energy companies. For example, the demand for natural gas peaks in winter as people turn on their heating systems and air conditioning units. As a result, the price of natural gas tends to be higher during these months.

In addition, as a fossil fuel, natural gas has environmental concerns. It is also a finite resource that will eventually run out. Therefore, the price of natural gas is often affected by fears that there will be a shortage in the future.

Traders can capitalize on these price fluctuations by opening a trading account with PrimeXBT. Our easy registration process takes less than a minute, and you can start trading immediately after your account is approved. Once you’ve opened an account, it’s important to develop a robust trading strategy. Start by understanding the basic fundamentals of the market, such as the importance of risk management and identifying your trading goals. Then, take advantage of our range of tools, such as copy trading and the Auto Chart Analysis feature, to help you get started.

What are the Benefits of Trading Natural Gas Futures?

Natural gas is a fossil fuel that is a major source of energy used in the United States for home heating and air conditioning. It is also widely used in industrial processes. As a commodity, it is sensitive to supply and demand fundamentals. For example, demand usually peaks in winter when people use more heating and declines in summer when air conditioning usage increases. Because of these factors, price volatility is high. Trading natural gas futures can help hedge against price fluctuations in the underlying commodity.

A natural gas futures contract is a legal agreement between two parties to deliver a specific quantity of the commodity at a specified date in the future. Each contract has a specific number of million British thermal units (MMBtu) and a delivery month. The last trading day for a contract is three business days before the first calendar day of the contract’s delivery month. Contracts are traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange and settled in physical delivery.

One full contract unit of natural gas is equal to 10,000 MMBtu. Prices are quoted in US dollars and cents per MMBtu. Like all commodities, the price of a natural gas futures contract is determined by supply and demand. Prices rise when demand is high and fall when demand is low. The market is also influenced by weather conditions, production and transportation.

The most significant benefit of trading natural gas futures is the ability to speculate on the direction of prices without taking ownership of the underlying commodity. Traders can buy and sell positions on the CME Globex electronic platform and use trading tools to speculate on the market’s direction. In addition, traders can leverage the price movement of natural gas futures by trading CFDs.

For example, if you trade UNG with 10x leverage, every dollar in the market will give you a $10 profit. This means you can generate a profit on any upward or downward price movement.

Another benefit of trading natural gas futures is that you can do it 24 hours a day. You can access the CME Globex electronic platform from any computer with an Internet connection and trading software. Trading is available Sunday through Friday, with a 60-minute break each day beginning at 5:00 p.m. ET (6:00 p.m. CT).


Trading natural gas futures involves understanding the fundamentals of the natural gas market, including supply and demand factors, storage levels, weather patterns, geopolitical events, and economic data. Successful natural gas futures trading requires a solid trading plan, risk management strategies, and an understanding of technical analysis tools. Natural gas futures provide traders and investors with a way to participate in the natural gas market and manage their exposure to natural gas price risk.


  1. How is the price of natural gas futures determined?

The price of natural gas futures is determined by the current market demand and supply for natural gas, as well as other factors such as weather patterns, geopolitical events, and economic data.

  1. Can natural gas futures be traded on margin?

Yes, natural gas futures can be traded on margin, which means that traders can leverage their positions with borrowed funds.

  1. What are the contract specifications for natural gas futures?

The contract specifications for natural gas futures include the contract size, delivery date, and settlement procedure. The standard contract size is 10,000 million British thermal units (mmBtu), and delivery can be done through physical delivery or cash settlement.

  1. What are some risk management strategies for trading natural gas futures?

Risk management strategies for trading natural gas futures can include stop-loss orders, position sizing, and diversification of trading strategies.

  1. What are some technical analysis tools used in natural gas futures trading?

Technical analysis tools used in natural gas futures trading can include chart patterns, trendlines, moving averages, and oscillators such as the relative strength index (RSI) and the stochastic oscillator.

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